ARE YOU IN A JOB OR A CAREER?
Long gone are the days when the vast majority of people leave school, get a job, and stay in the employment of one company or employer for the rest of their working lives.
Of course, this does still happen, it is, however, far more common nowadays for people to hold multiple jobs throughout the duration of their career, keeping legitimate side jobs as a second career, or moonlighting by using part of their skill sets little used in their main job.
Nonetheless, there is hardly any confusion about the status of what someone does for a living, whether career or job. People who want a career are always thinking about their long-term goals while people who want a job are often thinking about meeting immediate or short-term needs.
That begs the question:
What is the difference between a job and a career?
Whilst many use ‘job’ and ‘career’ interchangeably, they are significantly different.
A career is defined variously as:
An occupation undertaken for a significant period of a person’s life and with opportunities for progress.
A field of pursuit of consecutive, progressive achievement especially in public, professional, or business life.
As diverse as the definitions are, they have some common features that sum up the essentials of career:
Rewards of career include: salary, pension, health care, bonuses, car allowances, holiday, sick pay etc.
Just as well, there are also numerous definitions of Job.
A post of employment; full-time or part-time position.
A paid position of regular employment.
The regular work that a person does to earn money.
These definitions all have a similar theme. Some common features of a job are:
It is driven by pecuniary motive, i.e. Earning money is often the main driver
It is a short-term pursuit
Rewards most likely to be a wage or salary
Relates to one single period of employment
When compared, the difference between career and job is obvious:
A job is fixed and cannot change – that’s why jobs can become obsolete. Career, on the other hand, is adaptable and can take many twists and turns to fit in with personal, societal and technological changes. A job can be taken away but career cannot.